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Volcano Watch: Kilauea activity update for July 14, 2016

July 14, 2016 Skylights To Da Max (Full Length Version) from Mick Kalber on Vimeo.

Video courtesy of Tropical Visions Video with air transportation by Paradise Helicopters.


Time-lapse movie of Halemaumau Overlook Vent. July 7-14, 2016. Images courtesy of USGS/HVO


Time-lapse thermal image movie of Halemaumau Overlook Vent. July 7-14, 2016. Images courtesy of USGS/HVO


Time-lapse movie of Halemaʻumaʻu Overlook Vent from Hawaiian Volcano Observatory. July 7-14, 2016. Images courtesy of USGS/HVO


Time-lapse movie of Halemaumau Crater looking Southwest. July 7-14, 2016. Images courtesy of Hawaii Volcanoes National Park


Time-lapse movie of Kīlauea Caldera from Hawaiian Volcano Observatory. July 7-14, 2016. Images courtesy of USGS/HVO

(Activity updates are written by scientists at the U.S. Geological Survey’s Hawaiian Volcano Observatory.)

Kīlauea continues to erupt at its summit and East Rift Zone. During the past week, the summit lava lake level varied between about 24 m and 35 m (79–115 ft) below the vent rim within Halema‘uma‘u Crater. On the East Rift Zone, the “61g” flow continued to advance to the southeast, and, as of July 12, 2016, the leading tip of the flow was about 940 m (0.6 mi) from the ocean. The lava flow does not pose an immediate threat to nearby communities.

At Mauna Loa, rates of deformation and seismicity remain above long-term background levels. During the past week, HVO seismometers recorded short bursts of earthquakes at depths of about 5–11 km (3–7 mi) beneath the upper west and north flanks of the volcano. Such activity has been detected before and is likely a response of the volcano to stresses related to slow accumulation of magma in the summit and upper Southwest Rift Zone magma storage complex. Ongoing addition of magma to this region is supported by ground surface deformation (inflation) measured by Global Positioning System (GPS) instrumentation across the volcano, as well as by satellite radar (InSAR).

One earthquake was reported felt on the Island of Hawaiʻi in the past week. On Friday, July 8, 2016, at 9:11 a.m., HST, a magnitude-3.5 earthquake occurred 10.8 km (6.7 mi) west of Kalapana at a depth of 8.0 km (5.0 mi).

Please visit the HVO website (hvo.wr.usgs.gov) for past Volcano Watch articles, Kīlauea daily eruption updates, Mauna Loa weekly updates, volcano photos, recent earthquakes info, and more; call for summary updates at 808-967-8862 (Kīlauea) or 808-967-8866 (Mauna Loa); email questions to askHVO@usgs.gov


Time-lapse movie from images gathered from a temporary thermal camera looking into Pu’u ‘O’o Crater. The temperature scale is in degrees Celsius up to a maximum of 500 Celsius (932 Fahrenheit) for this camera model, and scales based on the maximum and minimum temperatures within the frame. Thick fume, image pixel size and other factors often result in image temperatures being lower than actual surface temperatures. July 7-14, 2016. Images courtesy of USGS/HVO


Time-lapse multi-image movie of Pu’u ‘O’o Crater. July 7-14, 2016. Images courtesy of USGS/HVO


Time-lapse movie of Pu’u ‘O’o Crater East Flank. July 7-14, 2016. Images courtesy of USGS/HVO


Time-lapse movie from a camera positioned on the southeast flank of Puʻu ʻŌʻō, looking toward the active flow advancing to the southeast. The breakout point is at the left edge of the image, and the mid-field skyline at the right is roughly coincident with the top of the pali. July 7-14, 2016. Images courtesy of USGS/HVO

This satellite image was captured on Wednesday, July 13, by the Advanced Land Imager instrument onboard NASA's Earth Observing 1 satellite. The image is provided courtesy of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Although this is a false-color image, the color map has been chosen to mimic what the human eye would expect to see. Bright red pixels depict areas of very high temperatures and show active lava. White areas are clouds.  The image shows that surface breakouts (red pixels) continue to be active on the pali and coastal plain. The flow front remains roughly 900 m (0.6 miles) from the ocean, with little advancement over the past several days.

This satellite image was captured on Wednesday, July 13, by the Advanced Land Imager instrument onboard NASA’s Earth Observing 1 satellite. The image is provided courtesy of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Although this is a false-color image, the color map has been chosen to mimic what the human eye would expect to see. Bright red pixels depict areas of very high temperatures and show active lava. White areas are clouds.
The image shows that surface breakouts (red pixels) continue to be active on the pali and coastal plain. The flow front remains roughly 900 m (0.6 miles) from the ocean, with little advancement over the past several days.

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