Categorized | Business

Labor Day by the numbers Sept. 5, 2011

MEDIA RELEASE

The first observance of Labor Day is believed to have been a parade of 10,000 workers on Sept. 5, 1882, in New York City, organized by Peter J. McGuire, a Carpenters and Joiners Union secretary. By 1893, more than half the states were observing “Labor Day” on one day or another, and Congress passed a bill to establish a federal holiday in 1894. President Grover Cleveland signed the bill soon afterward, designating the first Monday in September as Labor Day.

Who Are We Celebrating?

153.2 million
Number of people 16 and older in the nation’s labor force in July 2011.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/e…

Employee Benefits

84.7%
Percentage of full-time workers 18 to 64 covered by health insurance during all or part of 2009.
Source: Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2009 www.census.gov/prod/2010pubs/p…

Our Jobs

Americans work in a variety of occupations. Here is a sampling:

Occupation                                    Number of employees
Teachers (preschool – grade 12)                   3,039,523
Computer Operators                                  101,889
Actors                                               10,980
Telephone Operators                                  32,394
Bus Drivers                                         265,429
Bakers                                              117,405
Telemarketers                                        55,733
Hairdressers, hairstylists, and cosmetologists      395,503
Janitors and building cleaners                    1,478,204

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2009 American Community Survey, Table B24124
www.census.gov/acs/www/

26.2 million
Number of female workers 16 and older in management, professional and related occupations. Among male workers, 16 and older, 24.0 million were employed in management, professional and related occupations.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2009 American Community Survey, Table C24010
www.census.gov/acs/www/

0.9%
Percentage change in employment in the United States between December 2009 and December 2010. Employment increased in 220 of the 326 largest counties (large counties are defined as having employment levels of 75,000 or more).
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
www.bls.gov/news.release/archi…

5.2%
Percentage change in Elkhart County, Ind., between December 2009 and December 2010, the largest increase in employment among the 326 largest counties. New York County had the highest level increase of 37,500 jobs.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics,
www.bls.gov/news.release/archi…

-4.0%
Percentage decline in employment in Manatee, Fla., between December 2009 and December 2010, the largest percentage decrease among the nation’s 326 largest counties.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
www.bls.gov/news.release/archi…

5.9 million
The number of people who work from home.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2009 American Community Survey, Table B08128
www.census.gov/acs/www/

Working at Home

8%
Percent of total U.S. workforce that were home-based workers in 2005, an increase from 7 percent in 1999.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2005 Survey of Income and Program Participation,
www.census.gov/newsroom/releas…

8.1 million
Number who worked from home exclusively in 2005, an increase from 6.7 million in 1999.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2005 Survey of Income and Program Participation,
www.census.gov/newsroom/releas…

11+ hours
About 11 percent of those who worked at home for some or all of their workweek reported working 11 or more hours in a typical day in 2005. Only about 7 percent of workers who worked outside the home reported doing so.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2005 Survey of Income and Program Participation,
www.census.gov/newsroom/releas…

Another Day, Another Dollar

$47,127 and $36,278
The 2009 real median earnings for male and female full-time, year-round workers, respectively.
Source: Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2009
www.census.gov/prod/2010pubs/p…

$1,943
Average weekly wage in Santa Clara, Calif., for the fourth quarter of 2010, the highest among the nation’s 326 largest counties.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
www.bls.gov/news.release/archi…

Hot Jobs

53%
Projected percentage growth from 2008 to 2018 in the number of network systems and data communication analysts. Forecasters expect this occupation to grow at a faster rate than any other. Meanwhile, the occupation expected to add more positions over this period than any other is registered nurses (581,500).
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
www.bls.gov/oco/

Early, Lonely and Long — the Commute to Work

16.5 million
Number of commuters who leave for work between midnight and 5:59 a.m. They represent 12.4 percent of all commuters.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2009 American Community Survey, Table B08132
www.census.gov/acs/www/

76.1%
Percentage of workers who drive alone to work. Another 10.0 percent carpool and 5.0 percent take public transportation (excluding taxicabs).
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2009 American Community Survey Data Profiles, Selected Economic Characteristics
www.census.gov/acs/www/

25.1 minutes
The average time it takes people in the nation to commute to work. New York and Maryland had the most time-consuming commutes, averaging 31.4 and 31.3 minutes. (They are not significantly different from each another.)
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2009 American Community Survey, Table R0801
www.census.gov/acs/www/

3.2 million
Number of workers who face extreme commutes to work of 90 or more minutes each day.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2009 American Community Survey, Table B08012
www.census.gov/acs/www/

For detailed information on the data force, visit the Bureau of Labor Statistics at www.bls.gov/

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