Categorized | Business

Labor Day 2010: Sept. 6

MEDIA RELEASE

The first observance of Labor Day is believed to have been a parade of 10,000 workers on Sept. 5, 1882, in New York City, organized by Peter J. McGuire, a Carpenters and Joiners Union secretary. By 1893, more than half the states were observing a “Labor Day” on one day or another, and Congress passed a bill to establish a federal holiday in 1894. President Grover Cleveland signed the bill soon afterward, designating the first Monday in September as Labor Day.

Who Are We Celebrating?

154.4 million
Number of people 16 and older in the nation’s labor force in May 2010.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/e…

Employee Benefits

83%
Percentage of full-time workers 18 to 64 covered by health insurance during all or part of 2008.
Source: Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United
States: 2008
www.census.gov/prod/2009pubs/p…

78%
Percentage of workers in private industry who receive a paid vacation as one of their employment benefits.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, as cited in the Statistical
Abstract of the United States: 2010 Table 640
www.census.gov/compendia/stata…

Our Jobs

Americans work in a variety of occupations. Here is a sampling:

Occupation                                Number of employees
Teachers                                            7.2 million
Chief executives                                    1.7 million
Janitors and building cleaners                      2.1 million
Computer software engineers                         1.0 million
Aerospace engineers                                 137,000
Electricians                                        874,000
Registered nurses                                   2.8 million
Social workers                                      729,000
Clergy                                              441,000
Hairdressers, hairstylists and cosmetologists       773,000
Chefs and head cooks                                351,000
Customer service representatives                    1.9 million
Taxi drivers and chauffeurs                         373,000
Firefighters                                        293,000
Roofers                                             234,000
Pharmacists                                         243,000
Machinists                                          409,000
Musicians, singers and related workers              186,000
Artists and related workers                         213,000
Gaming services workers (gambling)                  111,000
Tax preparers                                       105,000
Service station attendants                           87,000
Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers and weighers 751,000
Farmers and ranchers                                751,000

 

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, as cited in the Statistical
Abstract of the United States: 2010, Table 603
www.census.gov/compendia/stata…

7.6 million
Number of workers who hold down more than one job. So-called moonlighters comprise 5 percent of the working population. Of these, 4 million work full time at their primary job and part time at their other job.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, as cited in the Statistical
Abstract of the United States: 2010, Table 596
www.census.gov/compendia/stata…

284,000
Number of moonlighters who work full time at two jobs.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, as cited in the Statistical
Abstract of the United States: 2010, Table 596
www.census.gov/compendia/stata…

10.1 million
Number of self-employed workers.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, as cited in the Statistical
Abstract of the United States: 2010, Table 592
www.census.gov/compendia/stata…

26.4 million
Number of female workers 16 and older in management, professional and related occupations. Among male workers 16 and older, 24.7 million were employed in management, professional and related occupations.
Source: 2008 American Community Survey
www.census.gov/acs/www/Product…

27%
Percentage of workers 16 and older who work more than 40 hours a week. About 7 percent work 60 or more hours a week.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, as cited in the Statistical
Abstract of the United States: 2010, Table 589
www.census.gov/compendia/stata…

4.1
Median number of years workers have been with their current employer. About 10 percent of those employed have been with their current employer for 20 or more years.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, as cited in the Statistical
Abstract of the United States: 2010, Table 598
www.census.gov/compendia/stata…

10.3 million
Number of independent contractors.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, as cited in the Statistical
Abstract of the United States: 2010, Table 595
www.census.gov/compendia/stata…

16.1 million
Number of labor union members nationwide. About 12 percent of wage and salary workers belong to unions, with Alaska, Hawaii and New York having among the highest rates of any state. North Carolina has one of the lowest rates, 3 percent.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, as cited in the Statistical
Abstract of the United States: 2010, Table 650
www.census.gov/compendia/stata…

-5.3%
Percentage decline in employment in the United States, between September 2008 and September 2009. Employment declined in 329 of the 334 largest counties (large counties are defined as having employment levels of 75,000 or more).
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/c…

-14.5%
Percentage decline in Elkhart County, Ind., between September 2008 and September 2009, the largest decline in employment among the 334 largest counties. Los Angles County saw the largest numerical loss over the period: 278,000.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/c…

1.7%
Percentage increase in employment in Yakima County, Wash., between September 2008 and September 2009, the largest percentage increase among the nation’s 334 largest counties.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/c…

5.9 million
The number of people who work at home.
Source: 2008 American Community Survey
www.census.gov/acs/www/Product…

Another Day, Another Dollar

$46,367 and $35,745
The 2008 real median earnings for male and female full-time, year-round workers, respectively.
Source: Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2008
www.census.gov/newsroom/releas…

$1,506
Average weekly wage in Santa Clara, Calif., for the third quarter of 2009, the highest among the nation’s 334 largest counties.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/c…

Hot Jobs

53%
Projected percentage growth from 2006 to 2016 in the number of network systems and data communication analysts. Forecasters expect this occupation to grow at a faster rate than any other. Meanwhile, the occupation expected to add more positions over this period than any other is registered nurses (587,000).
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, as cited in the Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2010, Table 605
www.census.gov/compendia/stata…

Early, Lonely and Long — the Commute to Work

17.7 million
Number of commuters who leave for work between midnight and 5:59 a.m. They represent 13 percent of all commuters.
Source: 2008 American Community Survey
www.census.gov/acs/www/Product…

76%
Percentage of workers who drive alone to work. Another 11 percent carpool and 5 percent take public transportation (excluding taxicabs).
Source: 2008 American Community Survey
www.census.gov/acs/www/Product…

25.5 minutes
The average time it takes people in the nation to commute to work. New York and Maryland had the most time-consuming commutes, averaging 31.6 and 31.5 minutes. (They are not significantly different from one another.)
Source: 2008 American Community Survey
www.census.gov/acs/www/Product…

3.5 million
Number of workers who face extreme commutes to work of 90 or more minutes each day.
Source: 2008 American Community Survey
www.census.gov/acs/www/Product…

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